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step_filter() creates a specification of a recipe step that will remove rows using dplyr::filter().


  role = NA,
  trained = FALSE,
  inputs = NULL,
  skip = TRUE,
  id = rand_id("filter")



A recipe object. The step will be added to the sequence of operations for this recipe.


Logical predicates defined in terms of the variables in the data. Multiple conditions are combined with &. Only rows where the condition evaluates to TRUE are kept. See dplyr::filter() for more details.


Not used by this step since no new variables are created.


A logical to indicate if the quantities for preprocessing have been estimated.


Quosure of values given by ....


A logical. Should the step be skipped when the recipe is baked by bake()? While all operations are baked when prep() is run, some operations may not be able to be conducted on new data (e.g. processing the outcome variable(s)). Care should be taken when using skip = FALSE.


A character string that is unique to this step to identify it.


An updated version of recipe with the new step added to the sequence of any existing operations.


When an object in the user's global environment is referenced in the expression defining the new variable(s), it is a good idea to use quasiquotation (e.g. !!) to embed the value of the object in the expression (to be portable between sessions). See the examples.

Row Filtering

This step can entirely remove observations (rows of data), which can have unintended and/or problematic consequences when applying the step to new data later via bake(). Consider whether skip = TRUE or skip = FALSE is more appropriate in any given use case. In most instances that affect the rows of the data being predicted, this step probably should not be applied at all; instead, execute operations like this outside and before starting a preprocessing recipe().


When you tidy() this step, a tibble is returned with columns terms and id:


character, the selectors or variables selected


character, id of this step

The expressions in terms are text representations and are not parsable.

Case weights

The underlying operation does not allow for case weights.


rec <- recipe(~., data = iris) %>%
  step_filter(Sepal.Length > 4.5, Species == "setosa")

prepped <- prep(rec, training = iris %>% slice(1:75))


dplyr_train <-
  iris %>%
  as_tibble() %>%
  slice(1:75) %>%
  dplyr::filter(Sepal.Length > 4.5, Species == "setosa")

rec_train <- bake(prepped, new_data = NULL)
all.equal(dplyr_train, rec_train)
#> [1] TRUE

dplyr_test <-
  iris %>%
  as_tibble() %>%
  slice(76:150) %>%
  dplyr::filter(Sepal.Length > 4.5, Species != "setosa")
rec_test <- bake(prepped, iris %>% slice(76:150))
all.equal(dplyr_test, rec_test)
#> [1] TRUE

values <- c("versicolor", "virginica")

qq_rec <-
  recipe(~., data = iris) %>%
  # Embed the `values` object in the call using !!
  step_filter(Sepal.Length > 4.5, Species %in% !!values)

tidy(qq_rec, number = 1)
#> # A tibble: 2 × 2
#>   terms                                           id          
#>   <chr>                                           <chr>       
#> 1 "Sepal.Length > 4.5"                            filter_zsZ4H
#> 2 "Species %in% c(\"versicolor\", \"virginica\")" filter_zsZ4H