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step_invlogit() creates a specification of a recipe step that will transform the data from real values to be between zero and one.


  role = NA,
  trained = FALSE,
  columns = NULL,
  skip = FALSE,
  id = rand_id("invlogit")



A recipe object. The step will be added to the sequence of operations for this recipe.


One or more selector functions to choose variables for this step. See selections() for more details.


Not used by this step since no new variables are created.


A logical to indicate if the quantities for preprocessing have been estimated.


A character string of the selected variable names. This field is a placeholder and will be populated once prep() is used.


A logical. Should the step be skipped when the recipe is baked by bake()? While all operations are baked when prep() is run, some operations may not be able to be conducted on new data (e.g. processing the outcome variable(s)). Care should be taken when using skip = TRUE as it may affect the computations for subsequent operations.


A character string that is unique to this step to identify it.


An updated version of recipe with the new step added to the sequence of any existing operations.


The inverse logit transformation takes values on the real line and translates them to be between zero and one using the function f(x) = 1/(1+exp(-x)).


When you tidy() this step, a tibble with columns terms (the columns that will be affected) is returned.

Case weights

The underlying operation does not allow for case weights.

See also


data(biomass, package = "modeldata")

biomass_tr <- biomass[biomass$dataset == "Training", ]
biomass_te <- biomass[biomass$dataset == "Testing", ]

rec <- recipe(
  HHV ~ carbon + hydrogen + oxygen + nitrogen + sulfur,
  data = biomass_tr

ilogit_trans <- rec %>%
  step_center(carbon, hydrogen) %>%
  step_scale(carbon, hydrogen) %>%
  step_invlogit(carbon, hydrogen)

ilogit_obj <- prep(ilogit_trans, training = biomass_tr)

transformed_te <- bake(ilogit_obj, biomass_te)
plot(biomass_te$carbon, transformed_te$carbon)